Haryana Civil Services (Judicial Branch) Main Written Examination 2015
Time: 3 Hours
Maximum Marks: 200
- Attempt all the questions in the same order in which they appear in the Question Paper.
- Marks for individual questions are indicated against each question.
- No extra answer sheet will be provided.
Write an essay on any one of the following topics in 1000-1100 words. (100 Marks)
- The Problems of Brain Drain
- Indian of my Dreams
- Abolition of Child Labour is the only Real Freedom
- Going to Law is losing a cow for the sake of a cat
Make sentences using the following words: – (25 Marks)
Write Precis of the following passage in about one-third of the original length: – (25 Marks)
While Hindi is expected to the official language for all – India use, it is forgotten that it is only an all-Indi medium of higher education that can appropriately be such a language. For various reasons the universities have found in difficult to accept Hindi as the medium of higher education. The difficulty is accentuated by an unplanned and uncoordinated effort at displacing English. Some of the universities in the Hindi-speaking States have started a sudden switch – over to Hindi; on the other hand, some universities in non-Hindi States have tried to substitute English by the regional language.
There is no denying the fact that English has continued to be the Indian medium in matters of higher knowledge and intercourse at an intellectual level. But in those universities where English is discarded as the medium, students find it difficult to understand the English textbooks or lectures delivered in that language. The English that they acquire is generally based on ill-digested guides in an Indian language or English summaries which they never understand properly. As a result, while there has been a deterioration in the standard of English acquired at the university stage, mastery acquired over Hindi is of a very limited character, literacy and ornamental, rather than precise and flexible.
Let us face an unpleasant fact. If swayed by sentiment we forego the use of English, a language of power which has built up standards of scholarship and efficiency in Indian, it will not help anyone, nor will it serve the cause of Hindi. Unless Hindi becomes, in some measure, a more powerful instrument of expression in the hands of educated men, at least for a generation, it cannot replace English as all Indian medium of power.
If English is replaced by Hindi rapidly, a wide linguistic gulf will open between the Hindi and non-Hindi States. A new linguism will rise in the country; the development of Hindi itself will be retarded and its ultimate acceptance as the national language will be delayed. For the sake of Hindi itself, we should guard against the possibility of a new linguism in the country.
If Hindi has someday to replace English, both English and Hindi should be accepted as the media of higher education in every State in the country. The regionalism will tend to give place to nationalism. There will be nationwide scope for graduates of all universities and administration will be non-regional in its outlook, and contract and exchange between scholars and teachers will continue as before.
We should, however, go forward to use Hindi in whatever way we can and to the extent to which it can serve our purpose to absorb appropriate words from whatever source they come to develop new shades of meaning required for modern purposes by constant with English, to draw inspiration from Sanskrit so that the genius of Hindi may not suffer and above all not to lose the freshness of the spoken language by failing to absorb the living elements of popular speech.
Read the following extract and answer the questions that follow: – (25 Marks)
Heat has many effects of which are familiar to us through everyday experience. If we have a fire in the room ‘gets hotter’. Scientists prefer to say that the temperature rises. These two statements mean the same thing. The second is preferred because it is an absolute method of measuring temperature. The statement that the temperature of a room from 5 degrees Celsius to 20 degrees Celsius conveys exactly what occurred. But if you say that the room at first was bitterly cold, but after a while it became reasonably warm, it does not convey so exact a meaning. However, one of the effects of applying heat to a substance is to produce a rise in temperature.
A similar effect is seen when a kettle of water is placed on the stove. Its temperature rises slowly and steadily until the water begins to boil. Once this happens, the water can get no hotter. Although the heat is still being applied, the temperature remains the same. When water is boiling, it is constantly being changed into steam. All liquid turn into glass when their boiling points are reached. So when a liquid turns into gas while the temperature remains steady. Heat, therefore has the property of changing a liquid into a gas. This process is generally referred to as evaporation.
Now let us heat a solid. Ice is one example of a solid, sulphur is another. At first time their temperature rises and then they change into liquid. Once this change beings. The temperature remains steady until all the solid has changed into liquid. The process is known as melting and the temperature at which solid melts is known as its melting point. Another effect of heat, therefore, is to turn a solid into a liquid.
- What according to the writer, are the major effects of heat?
- What is the scientific method of measuring heat?
- What is the process of evaporation and what is its significance?
- In what way is the process of melting different from evaporation?
- Suggest a suitable title for the above extract.
Fill in the blanks and complete the sentences by using the correct alternative out of (a), (b), (c) & (d). (25 Marks)
1. Circus was a career …………….. his heart
2. He is ……………. Good to do you any harm.
3. Neither he nor his friends ……………. happy.
4. Walk carefully lest you ………………… fall down.
- in case
5. He is famous of his punctuality and ……………
6. A group of boys …………………. to sing.
7. She has been …………….. to the company.
8. Why ………………. you join the company?
9. He dispensed ………………… the services of his dishonest clerk.
10. In Buddhism, it is impossible to keep ethics and psychology ……………… From one another because they ………….. at so many points
- Apart, meet
- aloof, merge
- separate, overlap
- away, coexist